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Indian Govt. Readies Battle Against "Offensive" Content on Web

John Ribeiro 06 Dec 2011
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The government's reported plans to ask Internet companies to filter objectionable content may overstep India's own laws, according to legal experts.

The government has asked Internet companies like Yahoo, Facebook, Google, and Microsoft to remove disparaging, inflammatory or defamatory content on their sites even before it goes online, according to newspaper reports on Monday. By Tuesday, the government publicly accused the Internet companies of lack of seriousness in dealing with issues that hurt local sensitivities.

Executives of two of these companies confirmed on condition of anonymity that the country's ministry of communications and IT has indeed asked for such filtering of content. A spokesman at the country's ministry of communications did not return calls.

Rules framed earlier this year around the Information Technology Act require intermediaries like Internet service providers to remove content that is found objectionable within a period of 36 hours of being notified of the content. Intermediaries are also required to warn users against posting or uploading a variety of objectionable content in their user agreements and other rules and regulations.

But there isn't a provision that requires intermediaries to filter and remove disparaging, inflammatory or defamatory content even before it is posted, said Pavan Duggal, a cyber law consultant and advocate in India's Supreme Court.

The government is said to have objected to online content found to be derogatory about the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the president of the Congress Party, Sonia Gandhi.

Besides being technically complex, a demand for filtering raises the question as to which content should be filtered, Duggal said. Under Indian law, there is no provision which provides that derogatory or defamatory remarks and other content only against some political leaders should be singled out for special attention, he added.

"We asked the government to tell us which content they would like filtered, but they were at a loss," said an executive of an Internet company, who declined to be named.

Kapil Sibal, the minister for communications and IT, said on Tuesday that the government was objecting to images and remarks that would hurt religious sentiments of a large section of Indians. "This government does not believe in censorship," he said at a press briefing that was telecast by Indian television channels.

Sibal said the government has to protect the sensibilities of its people from being hurt, and will not allow intermediaries to throw up their hands. He criticized the Internet companies for their lack of seriousness when they were asked for a solution.

The govt. has already been in disputes with technology companies such as Research In Motion over the issue of greater access to its law enforcement agencies to email and instant messenger services which it suspects that terrorists use. RIM has so far denied providing access to the government to its corporate mail service on BlackBerry Enterprise Server as it claims that the encryption keys are with customers and not with the company.

Most of the the Internet companies said to have been contacted by the government either declined comment or did not immediately respond to request for comments.

"We will remove any content that violates our terms, which are designed to keep material that is hateful, threatening, incites violence or contains nudity off the service," Facebook spokeswoman Debbie Frost said in an email. "We recognize the government's interest in minimizing the amount of abusive content that is available online and will continue to engage with the Indian authorities as they debate this important issue," she added. Facebook said it has policies and on-site features in place that enable people to report abusive content.

Twitter is also abuzz with commentary on Sibal's statement with everyone from cartoonists to bloggers terming the move as censorship. Cartoonist Sudhir Tailang tweeted, "The Press in India is NOT FREE. Lets face it. Facebook , Twitter etc are the real free places! Do NOT muzzle them (sic)." Journalist Barkha Dutt made note of the volume ofpublic outrage in her tweet, "Would love to see outrage against online censorship translate into similar outrage against State control of Books, Art, Cinema. But Will It?"

Sibal's colleagues did jump to his defence though. Former MP Shashi Tharoor tweeted, "Have to say I support Kapil Sibal on the examples he gave me: deeply offensive material about religions & communities that could incite riots." Politician Omar Abdullah also shared similar views. "I hate the idea of censorship but have seen for myself how dangerous inflammatory content on #facebook & #youtube can be," he tweeted.

via IDGNS (with inputs by PC World India News Desk)

Other stories of interest:

Google Blames China for Blocking Gmail
Google Stops Censoring in China
RIM May Let Indian Govt. Monitor Blackberry IM